Safety Guide for xTool D1 Laser Cutting & Engraving Materials

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Exercise caution when processing these materials

Warning: Some materials may become very dangerous during laser cutting or engraving. For your safety, exercise caution when processing them, understand the harm they may do, and take measures to protect yourself.
Material
Harm
PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride) /vinyl/pleather/artificial leather
Emits toxic pure chlorine gas with strong and pungent odors! Never cut this material as it causes the machines to corrode, damages optical devices and the motion control system.
ABS
Exudes cyanide gas and tends to melt. ABS doesn't work well with a laser cutter as it is apt to melt rather than vaporize, and is likely to catch fire and leaves melted gooey deposits. Besides, ABS is not a good choice for engraving because it tends to melt.
HDPE
Melts and easily catches fire.
Polystyrene Foam
Melts and easily catches fire.
Polypropylene Foam
Melts and easily catches fire.
Polycarbonate/latex paint
Changes color and catches fire.
Coated Carbon Fiber
Emits noxious fumes.
Acrylic
 
Emits noxious fumes. For your information, most 450nm laser can pass through acrylic. Laser beams emitted by semiconductor laser devices such as xTool D1 and M1 range from 450nm to 460nm in wavelength, which means most laser beams pass through acrylic instead of being absorbed. Compared to semiconductor laser devices, carbon dioxide laser devices such as Laserbox Rotary can process acrylic well.
Light Wooden Board
Speed below 10mm/s is prone to fire, must be guarded when engraving/cutting
Note: Laser beams emitted by semiconductor laser devices such as D1 and M1 are blue-violet light beams, most of which are reflected rather than absorbed by materials in blue. You need to increase the power to ensure proper processing.
Warning: Do not process reflective materials such as mirrors. It is extremely dangerous to get laser beams reflected, which also causes damage to laser devices.
 

Safe materials

Laser can be used to cut wood, paper, cork and some kinds of plastic; engrave most materials such as wood, paper, coated metals, stainless steel, plastic, marble, stone, tiles, glass, etc.

Cutting

Material
Note
Warning
Most woods
Avoid oily/resinous woods.
Be careful about cutting oily or very resinous woods to prevent fire. Watch out while cutting wood at a speed under 2% at full power.
Plywood/Composite woods
Glued but probably not as satisfactory as solid wood.
 
MDF/Engineered woods
Applicable while may char to a large extent.
 
Paper, cardboard
Cuts nicely and very efficiently.
 
Cardboard, carton
Cuts well but may catch fire.
Watch out for fire and be attentive to cutting.
Cork
Good for cutting. But cutting may be affected by the thickness and quality of cork. If too much glued, the cork may not be cut well.
Avoid thick cork.
 
Polycarbonate
Thin polycarbonate can be used in cutting while its color often changes badly.
Keep good ventilation and be careful to prevent fire.
 
Depron foam
Cuts nicely with smooth edges, popular in avocational making, RC airplanes, architectural models, and toys.
Pay close attention to cutting.
Cloth/felt/hemp fiber/cotton/leather
Cuts well if thin, but edges may char due to the high heat.
 

Engraving

All the "cuttable" materials described in the preceding can be engraved. Besides, you can engrave:
Material
Note
Warning
Glass
 
The texture of engraved glass is similar to that of sandblasted glass.
Beams emitted by semiconductor lasers of xTool D1 and M1 can't be directly used to engrave transparent glass. A sheet of color paper should be put over the glass first for proper functioning.
Ceramic tile
Generates smoke and dust.
 
Anodized aluminum
Vaporizes the anodization.
 
Painted/coated metals
Vaporizes the paint.
 
Stainless steel
Burns its surface and causes its color to change.
Stainless steel can be engraved only with semiconductor laser devices, such as xTool D1 and M1.
Stone/marble/granite
Engraves white texture on it with smoke and dust.
 

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